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Teeth Extractions

Teeth Extractions

Teeth extractions are done for a variety of reasons, the most common one being the removal of decayed teeth. The extraction can be a simple procedure if it involves visible teeth. However, the procedure can be more complicated if it involves the removal of impacted teeth or those that are under the gum line. 

A tooth extraction is necessary if the affected tooth has extensive damage and there are no other treatments to save it. Simple tooth extraction is typically done by a general dentist, while complex teeth extractions that involve surgical steps may be performed by oral surgeons or dentists.

Common Reasons for Teeth Extractions

  • Extensive tooth decay – a tooth that is severely decayed will need to be removed if there are all other treatments are not enough to save its healthy function and form. 
  • Trauma or tooth infection – tooth extraction may be needed if a tooth has been severely damaged due to trauma to the mouth or jaw. The damage may also be caused by severe infection. 
  • Teeth crowding – teeth crowding can negatively affect the appearance and function of the smile. In this case, tooth extraction can resolve the issue by making enough space for the teeth to look and perform better. 
  • Baby teeth not falling out – baby teeth that do not fall out when they are supposed to will need to be extracted. This allows the permanent teeth to naturally push through the gum line. 
  • Preparation for orthodontic treatment – prior to having dental braces, some teeth may need to be removed. This creates enough space for the teeth into a straighter position during the treatment.
  • Wisdom teeth removal – third molars often need to be removed, especially if they do not come out from under the gums. This is because they can be difficult to clean and may cause serious problems in the future if they are left in place.

Types of Teeth Extractions

  • Simple Extraction

A simple tooth extraction is used to remove a visible tooth (when it is not hidden under the gums). A local anaesthetic is used to keep the area numb while the tooth is being extracted. The dentist may use a special instrument called an elevator to loosen the affected tooth before proceeding to pull it out with the help of dental forceps.

  • Surgical Extraction

Surgical tooth extraction is reserved for removing a tooth that is not visible because it is positioned under the gum line. This can be done for impacted wisdom teeth as well as for damaged teeth that have broken off at the gum line. In this case, the gum tissue will be cut to make it easier to locate and remove the tooth underneath. If the tooth cannot be pulled out in one piece, it will need to be cut into smaller pieces for more efficient extraction.